The question of the appropriate amount of discretion that the executive branch should wield, and within it in particular regulatory bodies, is central to the understanding of how regulation and enforcement work, and to efforts to make them both more effective and efficient.

Academics from different and complementary fields, representatives of state institutions and international organizations initiated a dialogue on the centrality of the discretion issue. The seminar, co-hosted by the IAL, took place on 5 december at the Academy for Legislation in The Hague – The Netherlands.


Session 2: Different kinds of discretion – different contexts – different visions

Session 3: Is enforcement without discretion possible?

Session 4: Upsides and downsides of increased regulatory discretion